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Who were the Ancient Greeks?

❶This is a lecture about Greek city states.

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They even invented the Olympics! The Greek Empire eventually became part of the Roman Empire , but their society had a huge impact on things we do today. We have learned a lot from Ancient Greek philosophy, language, theatre, medicine, government and more. Alexander the Great led many battles that extended the boundaries all the way through Iran, to around the border of India.

The Greeks used a row of tall columns in their buildings that helped support the structure. Ancient Greeks believed that everything should have balance, order and harmony — you can see this in Greek art and architecture. Slaves may have once lived in a region that was conquered by Greece, such as Persia. Sometimes unwanted babies would be left in a public place for someone to take and raise as a slave. Education was important to the Greeks, and children were taught a variety of things.

Everyone learned how to play a musical instrument, such as the lyre a kind of small harp or the double aulos a pair of pipes with holes like a recorder. Boys learned how to be good athletes, but in Sparta girls exercised as well — everyone had to be fit and ready to defend Sparta. Alexander the Great BC — Alexander the Great was the king of one of the Greek states Macedon and led Greek armies to many victories — in fact, he was never beaten!

He extended the Greek empire as far east as India. Alexander died when he was only 32 years old. He discovered a way of measuring the volume of an object by putting it in water, and seeing how much the water rose — like it does when you get in the bathtub. He was also careful about how he gathered facts — he tried to make sure they were true before writing them down. His books are called The Histories. Athens prospered in many ways, including winning battles and expanding its culture. Pericles thought education and art were very important.

Plato founded the Academy in Athens, which was like a university where people could learn more than they did in school. One of the things he studied was triangles, and he came up with the Pythagorean theorem which has to do with right-angle triangles.

His ideas helped to develop the scientific method we use today — Socrates would always start off with a hypothesis about something, and tested that to see if it was correct. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be.

Who were the Ancient Greeks? The Ancient Greek Empire once included some of the countries we know today, such as Turkey and Syria. Some of our alphabet came from the one that the Ancient Greeks used.

Greece was divided into city-states that each had their own laws and way of life, but that all spoke the same language. Two of the most well-known city states are Athens and Sparta. In Athens, Greek styles of art, architecture, philosophy and theatre were developed. Athens had a democratic government — this means that the people who lived there made decisions by voting, like we do in Britain.

In Sparta, life was very different; all that was important was being able to defend Sparta in battle. The first Olympic games were held in in the city-state Olympia. The Greeks used different kinds of columns in the stone buildings they made — Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. Religion was very important in Ancient Greece. They believed there were different gods and goddesses that were in charge of different parts of their lives, such as a god of the sea and a goddess of wisdom.

Temples were built in their honour. Greece eventually became a part of the Roman Empire. The Romans conquered Athens in BC. The first Olympic games were held in Olympia. The Greek alphabet was invented, and city-states began to be established. Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.

Democracy was invented by the Greeks — it began in Athens. The Battle of Marathon took place, and the Greeks defeated the Persians. The Greeks defeated the Persians again at the Battle of Salamis. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out.

Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity. This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.

A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases.

It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles. This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement. This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science.

It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics. This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare.

It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare.

This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves. Explore the definition, composition, and history of the ancient colonnade and test your understanding about classical architecture and the ancient world.

In this lesson, you can learn about Greek Comedy from the sixth century to the years just before Rome took over the region. From the brutal political work of Aristophanes to the origins of situation comedies, the Greeks had it all. Have you ever wondered how the ancient Greeks made pottery and why they had so many different types? Following this, you can test your knowledge with a quiz. This lesson will help you understand who the Ancient Greek Tyrants were, the events leading up to their rise and decline to power, and finally their significance in the course of history.

When you are finished, take the quiz and see what you learned. Learn about the Athenian playwright Aristophanes, the Father of Comedy.

He lived during the Golden Age of Athens and was one of the most famous intellects of his time. Roman roads were the first type of paved roads in history.

Learn their history and several facts in this lesson. You can also test your knowledge with a quiz. Ptolemaic astronomy was an earth-centric view of the universe that envisioned that all of the planets orbited around the earth. Learn how epicycles were used to address discrepancies in the observed motions of the planets. The lesson will explore the history and nature of Euclidean geometry, including its origins in Alexandria under Euclid and its five postulates.

Its influence on the work of other mathematicians will also be covered. Together, we can take a closer look at his history, personal life and legacy.

We will also analyze his role in precipitating the Trojan War. Explore the creation and significance of the narrative poem Metamorphoses, written by the ancient poet Ovid, and test your understanding about ancient Roman culture and literary development.

Explore the history, interpretation and significance of the metopes on the Greek temple called the Parthenon and test your understanding about ancient Greek architecture and art.

Portraiture was a crucial part of Roman culture, immortalizing Roman leadership through sculpture. This lesson reviews the cultural history of Roman portrait sculpture, including its content, phases, and functions.

According to myth, the founding of Rome was attributed to twin brothers Romulus and Remus. In this lesson, learn the origin of these legendary brothers, their tragic early life, and how they became iconic figures in the history of Rome. In this lesson learn how gladiator games evolved from funeral obligations to displays of wealth and political power.

Discover how the gladiators trained, the different types of fighters, and the rules of the games. Explore the life and work of the great Italian artist Raphael and test your understanding of Renaissance art history, the paintings and Raphael, and Italian culture. Explore the history and meaning of one of the greatest wonders of the ancient world, the sphinx, and test your understanding about ancient Egypt, the Pharaohs, and Egyptian mythology.

This lesson discusses the background of the Greek God Uranus, or Ouranos. Have you ever marveled at the Parthenon, the gem of Athens, and wondered who built it and why it is in its current state?

This lecture will discuss the facts, history, and construction of the Parthenon. Even fewer know the Muses, or that there were actually two distinct sets.

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This homework help resource uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long. Test your knowledge with a question chapter practice test. View all practice tests in this course. The Minoans This lesson explores Minoan civilization. History of the Alphabet:

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The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4, years ago. The Ancient Greeks lived in Greece and the countries that we now call Bulgaria and Turkey. The Ancient Greece empire spread over Europe as far as France in the East. The Greek Empire was most powerful between BC and BC The.

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The people who were living there thousands of years ago are called the Ancient Greeks, and a lot of things they did help to make up our society today. They even invented the Olympics! Greek life and culture. homework gnome. News feed. Now on Facebook. Now on Twitter.

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The Ancient Greece chapter of this AP World History Homework Help course helps students complete their ancient Greece homework and earn better. Get online tutoring and college homework help for Greek. We have a full team of professional Greek tutors ready to help you today!

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Sep 01,  · Yes, this is my homework and I should do it myself, but I just can't figure these out. Help please?? They are all True or False questions: 1. King Agamemnon ruled Corinth. 2. Pericles was a famous tyrant of Athens. 3. Greek philosophers sometimes taught in stoas. 4. The Romans despised Greek culture. 5. Alexander the Great was finally defeated in Resolved. Test and improve your knowledge of History of Ancient Greece: Homework Help with fun multiple choice exams you can take online with